True North vs Magnetic North

by

Peter Latemore

13 September 2013 at 9:29

So you are standing on the site with your trusty compass which is pointing North….but is it? Your compass is showing you the direction of Magnetic North not True North. What’s the difference and do we care?

Because the Earth is a great big magnet, your compass (also a magnet) points to Magnetic North which is somewhere in the wilds of the Canadian Arctic and is actually moving a very small amount from year to year.

True North indicates the point at the ‘top’ of the Earth where the rotational axis emerges. It is in the Arctic Ocean and is a fixed point.

So,  what does this mean to us as designers and users of Revit?

There are two considerations:

  1. In Revit, you can create property lines by entering distance and direction in degrees into a table and then tag the property lines with the Revit tag tool. This information is usually sourced from survey drawings.
  2. To produce accurate solar studies in Revit, you must ensure that you rotate the Revit True Northto Solar North.
Survey North

You need to consider if North on your survey is representative of Magnetic North or True North. The surveyor can provide this information but as an initial check, look for reference to Meridian on your survey. If the Meridian is CAM (County Arbitrary Meridian) then the Survey North will be close to Magnetic North. Surveys of lots on a RP (Registered Plan) generally use the CAM and therefore Magnetic North. (More information can be found at http://www.nrm.qld.gov.au/museum/surveying_history/datum.html)

The Meridian could also be AMG or MGA (Map Grid Australia) which likely indicates the survey was undertaken using GPS technology. In this case the Survey North is representative of True North.

Now we have a number of scenarios:

  1. Survey North = True (Solar) North. In this case you would rotate Revit True North to True North. You would be able to tag your property lines successfully and your shadow studies would be accurate.
  2. Survey North = Magnetic North.

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a) You don’t require accurate shadow studies.

Rotate Revit True North to Magnetic North. The property lines will tag correctly but shadow studies will be a bit out. The extent of the inaccuracy will depend on the deviation between True and Magnetic North at the site.

b) You require accurate shadow studies.

To achieve accurate shadow studies Revit True North must be rotated to True (Solar) North not Magnetic North.

You can determine True North by adjusting Magnetic North for the deviation appropriate to the site.

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Example: In Brisbane the deviation puts True North 11o West of Magnetic North.

Note that the property lines no longer tag correctly. The ARC Template System provides text labels to overcome this issue. Have a look at Sheet 102SP – Site Plan 1-200

For information on rotating your project from Project North to True North see the blog article  – Rotating your project to reflect Revit True North – on the ARC blog home page.

Author

Peter Latemore,

QARC Systems / Director & General Manager

As the Director of QARC Systems, Peter acts as general manager, overseeing all aspects. His special expertise is centered on maintaining the ARChetype and Companion. Peter is also the main presenter at showcase events of QARC.

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